Mycotoxins: The Silent Killer

Mycotoxicosis is a condition that is brought about by the presence of naturally occurring Mycotoxins produced by fungal growth in feed, or feed components. Conditions such as wet or humid environments, extended storage, and poor quality ingredients all contribute to the presence of these toxins in animal feed, particularly in countries like the Philippines. These fungi can grow at practically any point in the production of feed, starting from the very growing and harvesting of the crops used, to the moment the feed is consumed by animals. 

To get around he mycotoxin problem, common practice involves the use of toxin binders, and while this practice has been in place here in our country for a significant amount of time, mycotoxins are extremely potent, and even small amounts are known to cause considerable deficits in the growth and development of livestock. Small amounts barely at trace levels can cause long-term problems, suppressing the immune system, reducing nutrient levels, and affecting livestock quality. The truth is that it’s simply impossible to catch enough of the mycotoxins in feed to eliminate the possibility of negative effects in an animal. To make matters worse, being in the tropics, practically all farms in the Philippines face some degree of Mycotoxin challenge.

In an article by Benison Media, effects of Mycotoxicosis in poultry include:

“A dry and firm gizzard with sometimes mucosal erosions, catarrhal enteritis and proventricular haemorrhages.

Visceral gout with white urate deposits throughout the body cavity and internal organs.

Impaired coagulation of blood, impaired phagocytosis, anemia, decreased skeletal integrity.

Nephropathy; degenerative /necrotic changes which are more pronounced in proximal convoluted tubules than distal.

Reduced spontaneous activity, hypothermia, huddling, diarrhea, rapid weight loss and death.”

If your flock is suffering from any of these symptoms, you may already be in a Mycotoxin crisis. UBC carries innovative, industry-changing products that deal with the dangers of Mycotoxicosis. If you are facing a Mycotoxin challenge, ask your UBC Sales manager about our line of NBG products, and find out how they can help improve your bottom line.

Department of Agriculture to Provide Assistance for Biosecure Swine Farms

As ASF continues to be a problem in the country, the Philippine Department of Agriculture (DA) has promised PHP 5.5 million each to farmers’ cooperatives and associations for the construction of biosecure farms. The move is meant to keep ASF in check in order to get the disease under control.

This initiative is to be executed in partnership with the Philippine Society of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineers, and the Department of Agriculture’s Integrated National Swim production Initiatives for Recovery and Expansion, or INSPIRE Program.

As per the DA’s guidelines, the farms to be constructed under the program must have at least 4000 sqm of land, with a perimeter fence, climate-controlled animal house, and waste management facilities, among other requirements.

A modular design for these biosedure farms is to be proposed by the Bureau of Agricultural and Fisheries Engineering, along with the regional agricultural engineering divisions in their respective field offices.

PH Hog Prices Start to Increase


Despite a sharp rise in imports over recent months creating massive stockpiles of frozen imported pork, local hog prices are starting to increase in the Philippines. After a devastating October that saw market prices plummet to PHP 129/kg (live weight), by the end of November, it had risen to PHP 157/kg (live weight), though not across the entire country. This has likewise translated to lower numbers of stored imported frozen pork, down to 77,330 at the end of November, from 82,068 at the end of October. This is brought about in part by a strong push from producers to eat local pork, as well as the reopening of businesses as COVID restrictions ease.

Feed prices continue to rise, though, with corn at an all time high of PHP 24/kg, and soy at a whopping PHP55/kg, though imports of soy at the top of 2022 are expected to ease the prices slightly.

USDA ASF Vaccine Shows Promising Results

An African Swine Fever (ASF) vaccine being developed by the United States’ Department of Agriculture (USDA) has been shown to be effective in halting further spread of ASF. Research published in September of 2021 showed that a commercially viable vaccine candidate has been effective against ASF strains from Asia in European and Asian breeds of pigs. The next step will be to establish the vaccine’s efficacy under production conditions, but on the whole, the progress appears promising in offering a solution to the disease that has ravaged pork production globally.

See the rest of the report on the Feed Strategy website here:

From the archive: ASF Vaccine to begin Roll Out in August

(Previously posted on the UBC Facebook page)

Right on the heels of testing in 10 locations locally, the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) and the Department of Agriculture (DA) have started plans of rolling out the vaccine against ASF in August.

While some testing remains, including blood sampling, and administering the vaccine to ASF-positive swine to check the results, hog raisers all over the country are eagerly awaiting what could be the solution to the epidemic that has ravaged the Philippine pork industry. There is yet no definite date as to the broad rollout of the vaccine.

Read the rest of the report here: